Circuit Training Vocabulary


    Middle School Personal Fitness Study Guide




    Aerobic Fitness – activities which force the body to use a large amount of oxygen for an extended period of time


    Agility – ability to change and control the direction of your body while in motion


    Body Composition – ratio of body fat to lean muscle body mass (including water, bone, muscle and connective tissue)


    Cardiovascular fitness – ability of the circulatory and respiratory systems to supply oxygen to muscles for an extended period of time.


    Coordination – ability to use the senses together with body parts during movement.


    Flexibility – the ability to move a body part through a full range of motion at a joint.


    Health-related fitness – Involves activities that you do to try improve your physical health and stay healthy, particularly in categories of the five health-related fitness


    1. flexibility
    2. cardiovascular fitness
    3. muscular strength
    4. muscular endurance
    5. body composition

    Muscular endurance – the ability to exercise despite fatigue or stress for a long period of time.


    Muscular strength –Maximum amount of force a muscle can exert against an opposing force.


    **Muscular strength and endurance are the factors related to becoming stronger


    Power – ability to do strength performances at a maximum pace, combination of both speed and muscular strength.


    Skill-related fitness components – factors related to becoming a better athlete which include; speed, coordination, balance, reaction time, agility and power.